What Is the process of doing a cardiac massage to a dog? The first step would be to analyze the convenience of this action. If the animal does not breathe or have a pulse, it would be time for resuscitation.
The first step in doing a cardiac massage to a dog is knowing how to identify when this action is really necessary.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation should begin immediately when it is detected that the dog has no pulse or breathing.
However, not every animal that is unconscious or fainted is suffering from cardiorespiratory arrest. So, it becomes essential to learn to detect a lack of heartbeat and breathing before applying cardiac massage to a dog. Next, we tell you how to do it.
How to determine the absence of pulse and breathing in dogs?
The easiest and most assured way to verify the need for cardiac massages is to detect the absence of heartbeats. To do this, you should rest your head on the animal’s chest and be completely silent to try to hear the beats.
The other method of checking the heartbeat is based on directly sensing the pulse in the legs. However, it is more complex and is not advisable for people with insufficient experience.
Then, proceed to verify if the animal is breathing, for which there are two methods. The first and simplest is to observe if movements of the rib cage.
The second is to identify if the dog expels air through the mouth: the face must be brought closer to that of an animal to feel its breath.
In case the responses are negative in both verifications, that is, if the animal has no beats or breathing, cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be started immediately.
Steps before the application of cardiac massage to a dog
In the process of applying a cardiac massage to a dog, we will follow these tips :
- Keep calm: To properly apply the CPR massage, it is essential to remain calm and focus on the state of the animal. Nervousness is the worst enemy when giving first aid since it is necessary to act safely and quickly.
- Check for beats: As we have seen, the first step is to verify if the dog has a heartbeat. To do this, put the head on his chest, and the pulse is heard directly.
- Identify if the dog breathes: If the animal has no beating, we proceed to verify if there is breathing. It is advisable to perform the two checks – of thoracic and breath movements – to ensure that the dog does not breathe.
- Begin CPR immediately: Act on the following steps, detailed below.
Step by step to do cardiac massage to a dog
The process to apply cardiac massage:
- The first step is to place the dog lying on its right side (lateral decubitus), with the left side up. This position allows applying the massage just at the level of the heart.
- Before starting to give a dog a cardiac massage, it is essential to ensure that their airways are not obstructed. To do this, the mouth of the dog is examined to certify that there are no foreign objects or any natural narrowing.
- After checking the absence of obstructions, you can start performing CPR. First, the dog’s head should be extended backward until it is aligned with the neckline, allowing air to enter the inside of the body easily.
- Then, it is time to start performing artificial breaths through strong and short movements. The lungs are filled as much as possible with air and then expelled continuously through the muzzle of the dog, with enough force to reach its lungs.
- Intercalated with the breaths, pectoral compressions are performed, with the strong, firm, and rhythmic movements. For this, only the palms of the hands are used: it crosses one over the other, while one is located just behind the articulation of its front data.
- Ideally, keep your elbows well stretched and do not bend them while applying cardiac massage to a dog.
- In small dogs and cats, it is recommended to insert three breaths with ten compressions. And in medium and large dogs, at least five breaths with 15 compressions are inserted.
Last but not least, it should be noted that cardiac massage is an emergency act. After getting the dog to recover his pulse and breathing, it is essential to take him to the veterinarian to verify his state of health and prevent the incident from happening again.